Block chain and Medicine

As a Medical Doctor I ask myself what are some potential uses of blockchains in healthcare?

Okay, so for those who must be wondering,

What is a blockchain?


In general a blockchain is defined as a distributed system which records and stores transaction records.

Blockchain more specifically is defined as “…a shared, immutable record of peer-to-peer transactions built from linked transaction blocks and stored in a digital ledger.”

Blockchain is also similar to a database which stores information, however the main difference is that the data is located in a network of personal computers called nodes where there is no central entity such as a government or bank controlling the data.

How can blockchain be used in healthcare?

  • Drug Traceability where each transaction between drug manufacturers, wholesalers, pharmacists and patients can be tracked to verify and secure drug product information important for tackling issues such as counterfeit drugs.
  • Improvement and authentication of health records and protocols on record sharing.
  • Smart contracts where certain rule-based methods are created for patient data access. Here, permissions can be granted to selected health organisations.
  • Clinical trials where altering or modifying data from clinical trials fraudulently can be eradicated.
  • Precision medicine where patients, researchers and providers can collaborate to develop individualised care.
  • Genomics research via access to genetic data secured on blockchain
  • Electronic health records (EHRs) 
  • Nationwide interoperability

The future of Total Person Care

As a medical Doctor who is also interested in Total person care and treating each individual as equal and worthy of dignity and respect, blockchain technology gives me the technological possibility of actually implementing my values in practice.

I look forward to more developments in the field of Blockchain in healthcare. God bless.


How old is your hearing?

If you ever wondered how old your body really is, here is a great way to find out.

As you know the ear is a marvelous bio engineering marvel. As your age advances changes occur in the hearing parameters.

The rate at which our bodies age is a matter of intense interest to all, and we do many things to try to stay young!Figure3-copy

If you really want to know how your body has aged relative to your actual age, here is a simple way to test for sure how old your ears are, which will roughly indicate how old your physical body is. Do test and share!



Click here to know how old your ears really are!


Mumbaiites continue to breathe poor quality air, except in Borivali

As a citizen of Mumbai and a medical doctor, I am very concerned about the quality of air we breathe. The Hindustan Times reported today that the city continued to have poor air for the second day in a row.The pollutant-measuring indicator air quality index (AQI) fell from 224 on Monday morning to 220 by the evening, both falling under the ‘poor’ category. There was no change in minimum temperatures from Sunday, which was 4.5 degrees Celsius below normal.


The System for Air Quality Weather Forecasting and Research (SAFAR) predicted an AQI of 220 for Tuesday as well. An AQI between 101 and 200 falls under the ‘moderate’ category, while that between 201 and 300 is ‘poor’ and beyond 301 falls into the ‘very poor’ category.

The Santacruz weather station, representative of Mumbai, recorded the night temperature at 16.4 degrees Celsius, similar to Monday and November 11, which has been the lowest November night temperature since 2012. The night temperature at Colaba, representative of south Mumbai was recorded at 22 degrees Celsius, a degree Celsius below normal.

Officials from the weather bureau said the current wind pattern over the city has led to cool temperatures and a decline in air quality. “From late Saturday night onwards, cool winds from the north-western parts of the country has led to a cooling effect,” said KS Hosalikar, deputy director general, western region, India Meteorological Department. “As a result, due to the process of inversion, cool temperatures have allowed pollutant particles to settle close to the surface. We expect these conditions to continue till Wednesday.”

Meanwhile, day temperatures were more than 2 degrees Celsius above normal as Colaba and Santacruz, both recorded 35.6 degrees Celsius as the maximum temperature. “During the day, the winds are not strong and this has allowed temperatures to rise. However, cool winds during the night are leading to a fall in temperatures,” said Shubhangi Bhute, director, Regional Meteorological Centre, IMD. “The gap between day and night temperatures can lead to health issues such as cough, cold and fever,” Bhute added.

On Monday, Malad was the most polluted location with an AQI of 307 (very poor), followed by Navi Mumbai at 303 (very poor). While majority of the locations in Mumbai recorded ‘poor’ air quality, Borivli had the cleanest air with an AQI of 132 (moderate).072813_1339_4.png

As part of a citizens Forum called the New Link Road Residents Forum, we have been pro active to ensure that Borivali and its near by areas are free from man made sources of pollution. We wish that more readers would be encouraged to take steps to combat this menace.

Secularism and the illusion of neutrality

Do you know who you are and where you are going? The person with a postmodern mindset does not really know where they are and who they are, says Ravi Zacharias, one of this century’s noted thinkers and writers.

Everyone it seems is asking ‘what does it mean to be human…?’

Our twentieth century, far from being notable for scientific skepticism, is one of the most credulous eras in all history. It is not that people believe in nothing – which would be bad enough – but that they believe in anything – which is really terrible, said Malcolm Muggeridge.


Our culture no longer has a point of reference.

This denial of absolutes has had profound effects on all spheres of human life. The profound decline in trust between individuals, and corporations is a glaring example.

People who have always believed in absolute moral values and in a Creator God who loves them and has their best interests in mind have been seduced and brainwashed into believing anything but the truth, and the devastation is only beginning to unfurl as the years go by.


Marx and Kierkegaard were two key voices of the twentieth century. The curious thing is that though Marx purported to have an infallible scientific key to history, almost all his prophecies have failed to happen. On the other hand, Kierkegaard’s forecasts have been fulfilled to a remarkable degree. Take for instance his profound sense that if men lost the isolation, the separateness, which awareness of the presence of God alone can give, they would soon find themselves irretrievably part of a collectivity with only mass communications to shape their hopes, formulate their values and arrange their thinking . . .

What has secularism to do with this, you may well ask.




Figure 1 What do you really mean by Secularism?


First of all let us see what people believe in the present day and age.

Do you recognize yourself and your friend’s beliefs reflected in this poem, called the Modern Thinker’s Creed, by Steve Turner?

We believe in Marx, Freud, and Darwin We believe everything is OK as long as you don’t hurt anyone to the best of your definition of hurt, and to the best of your knowledge.

We believe in sex before, during, and after marriage. We believe in the therapy of sin. We believe that adultery is fun. We believe that sodomy’s OK. We believe that taboos are taboo.

We believe that everything’s getting better despite evidence to the contrary. The evidence must be investigated And you can prove anything with evidence.

We believe there’s something in horoscopes UFO’s and bent spoons. Jesus was a good man just like Buddha, Muhammed, and ourselves. He was a good moral teacher though we think His good morals were bad.

We believe that all religions are basically the same-at least the one that we read was. They all believe in love and goodness. They only differ on matters of creation, sin, heaven, hell, God, and salvation.

We believe that after death comes the Nothing. Because when you ask the dead what happens they say nothing. If death is not the end, if the dead have lied, then its compulsory heaven for all excepting perhaps Hitler, Stalin, and Genghis Kahn

We believe in Masters and Johnson. What’s selected is average. What’s average is normal. What’s normal is good.

We believe in total disarmament. We believe there are direct links between warfare and bloodshed. Americans should beat their guns into tractors. And the Russians would be sure to follow.

We believe that man is essentially good. It’s only his behavior that lets him down. This is the fault of society. Society is the fault of conditions. Conditions are the fault of society.

We believe that each man must find the truth that is right for him. Reality will adapt accordingly. The universe will readjust. History will alter. We believe that there is no absolute truth excepting the truth that there is no absolute truth.

We believe in the rejection of creeds, and the flowering of individual thought.

If chance be the Father of all flesh, disaster is his rainbow in the sky and when you hear

State of Emergency! Sniper Kills Ten! Troops on Rampage! Whites go Looting! Bomb Blasts School! It is but the sound of man worshiping his maker.


I heard this today from Ravi Zacharias, and thought I would share it here. It parodies the polemic often heard today by residents of America’s [and other so called ‘developed’ worlds] Institutes of Higher Education, who have been raised in the last few decades under the State sanctioned beliefs of Secularism, and if they believe in God at all, it is one that effectively has one man blowing himself and others up to gain a sexual Paradise, while another is meditation on his navel to attain his version of such, through the annihilation of desire.

What were the steps in this slow decline of our morals, trust and security?

  1. Rejection of the beneficial transcendent moral authority of the Bible, which provides liberty with its necessary limits, with the immutable holy Creator as God.
  2. Increasing acceptance of the objectively baseless morality of secularism, which promotes everyone doing what it right in his own eyes (contra. Deut. 12:8), resulting in the most morally confused generation America and other so called developed nations has ever raised, open to the ever morphing degrees of immorality, with gaining carnal pleasures, possessions and prestige being exalted, and leaders who “by good words and fair speeches deceive the hearts of the simple.” (Romans 16:18).

This paradigmatic change may be seen to have manifestly begun with the 60’s sexual revolution, which the Left sees as a success, while we reap the fruits of its corruption. In no small part is the role played by new age philosophies [old wine in new bottles, exported from their lands of origin where they have failed miserably for centuries] which are contradictory at their very core.

I feel that Secularism has played a large role in the present mess we all find ourselves in.

Malcom wrote this poignant summary “So the final conclusion would surely be that whereas other civilizations have been brought down by attacks of barbarians from without, ours had the unique distinction of training its own destroyers at its own educational institutions, and then providing them with facilities for propagating their destructive ideology far and wide, all at the public expense. Thus did Western Man decide to abolish himself, creating his own boredom out of his own affluence, his own vulnerability out of his own strength, his own impotence out of his own erotomania, himself blowing the trumpet that brought the walls of his own city tumbling down, and having convinced himself that he was too numerous, labored with pill and scalpel and syringe to make himself fewer. Until at last, having educated himself into imbecility, and polluted and drugged himself into stupefaction, he keeled over–a weary, battered old brontosaurus–and became extinct.”

But Jesus does save sinners.

I do not know much about the author, British journalist Steve Turner, but he has some other Christian poems, such as this excerpt,

If Jesus was thirty today they wouldn’t really care about the public ministry, they’d be too busy investigating His finances and trying to prove He had Church or Mafia connections. The miracles would be explained by an eminent and controversial magician, His claims to be God’s Son recognised as excellent examples of Spoken English and immediately incorporated into the O-Level syllabus, His sinless perfection considered by moral philosophers as, OK, but a bit repressive.

If Jesus was thirty-one today He’d be the fly in everyone’s ointment- the sort of controversial person who stands no chance of eminence. Communists would expel Him, capitalists would exploit Him or have Him smeared by people who know a thing or two about God. Doctors would accuse Him of quackery, soldiers would accuse Him of cowardice, and theologians would take Him aside and try to persuade Him of His non-existence.

If Jesus was thirty-two today we’d have to end it all. Heretic, fundamentalist, literalist, puritan, pacifist, non-conformist, we’d take Him away and quietly end the argument. But the argument would rumble in the ground at the end of three days and would break out and walk around as though death was some bug, saying ‘I am the resurrection and the life… No man cometh to the Father but by me’. While the magicians researched new explanations and the semanticists wondered exactly what He meant by ‘I’ and ‘No man’ there would be those who stand around amused, asking for something called proof.

Ask yourself whom you would rather believe, the Creator God who gave us His very own life to purchase our freedom from the guilt, shame and power of sin, or fancy stories designed for itching ears which ought to have known better.

If you need any further prodding consider this classic rebuttal of the modern secularist thinker by Malcolm Muggeridge:

The greatest artists, saints, philosophers and, until quite recent times, scientists, through the Christian centuries, . . . have all assumed that the New Testament promise of eternal life is valid, and that the great drama of the Incarnation which embodies it, is indeed the master-drama of our existence.

To suppose that these distinguished believers were all credulous fools whose folly and credulity in holding such beliefs has now been finally exposed, would seem to me untenable; and anyway I’d rather be wrong with Dante and Shakespeare and Milton, with Augustine of Hippo and Francis of Assisi, with Dr Johnson, Blake and Dostoevsky than right with Voltaire, Rousseau, the Huxleys, Herbert Spencer, H.G. Wells and Bernard Shaw.

{Vintage Muggeridge, ed. Geoffrey Barlow, Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1985, 32-33}

Don’t waste time, Doctors say

Heart attack to hospital takes 5 hours in Mumbai

Doctors To Try & Cut Down Time Taken In City [Adapted from a front page article dated May 25 2014 : The Times of India (Mumbai)]

With three million cases every year, heart attack may be the commonest grave ailment in India. But Indians seem to be dimly aware of its calling card—be it the sudden pain in the chest, upper back or jaw—and often don’t react appropriately. A shocking 95% of heart attack patients take public transport to reach hospital. And, many of them reach after six hours—or over 380 minutes—of the first symptoms, found an all-India study.

Cardiologist Dr Prafulla Kerkar, who heads KEM Hospital’s cardiology department, said barely 10% of heart

attack patients in the city reach the hospital within the golden hour. The golden hour is the crucial period in which medical treatment can prevent permanent damage to the heart’s muscles.

“A study among 350 of our heart attack patients showed that 10% reached the hospital 12 hours after the attack. By this time, the advantages of restoring blood flow are lost,” said Dr Kerkar. The majority of the patients took a median time of five hours, which is twice as long as it takes in the West.

It is to reduce this time lag between the appearance of symptoms and hospitalization that a handful of cardiologists have come together to form a not-forprofit organization called STEMI India.

Three years ago, STEMI India brought together doctors, hospitals and ambulance providers in Coimbatore and Chennai to spread awareness about heart attacks and ensure that patients got treated within the golden hour. They have succeeded in reducing the average symptom-to-hospitalization time to less than three hours or 170 minutes so far.

Next weekend, the STEMI India group of which Dr Kerkar is a member will hold its first training programme in Mumbai at Powai. “Over 800 doctors from Maharashtra, Goa, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh will attend it,” said course director Dr Rajesh Rajani, cardiologist from Hinduja Hospital, Mahim.

“The message is that the longer you take to report to a hospital after a heart attack, the higher the chance that you are left a cardiac cripple who may well need repeated hospitalizations later on,” added Dr Rajani. It is now well established that patients who are given immediate medical treatment–say, a blood thinner or clot buster–may not suffer any long-term effects of a heart attack.
Many hospitals and nursing homes in Mumbai, though, still don’t give a clot-buster to a patient who comes in with suspected heart attack, say doctors. “They refer the patient to a bigger hospital without even providing streptokinase injection that can dissolve blood clots that caused the heart attack,” said Dr Kerkar. Ashok Hospital is one of the few Hospitals that give this vital clot busting drug, and Dr. S. P. Mathew encourages other Hospitals around to do the same.

Pigeon menace, what to do?


Mumbai runs for cover as an exploding population of pigeons, fed and fattened by easy availability of food, lays siege to the city. This was the headline in the Mumbai Mirror dated 20th April 2014 written by Virat Singh.



This is what I propose:


Figure 1 Pigeon Condo

A pigeon nesting condo from which their eggs can be safely harvested.


This was the article and also the feedback received from readers till today.

Virat A Singh | TWEETS @ singhvirat246

Mulund homemaker Preeti Wadhwa, 27, recently spent Rs 15,000 to cover her apartment windows with specialised netting to block pigeons that had become a nuisance and a health hazard, dropping huge quantity of “infections spreading” excrement on windowsills.

“But the problem has not been solved. They now sit on the ledge above the windows,” she said. The Wadhwa family presents a side of a growing debate in Mumbai over the impact of pigeons, whose numbers have multiplied exponentially in the past two decades.
To bird-lovers, they are hardy survivors in a concrete city; many feel that caring for pigeons is their religious duty and, more importantly, a humane thing to do. But to thousands of households, corporations housed in gleaming high rises and health experts, they are pests that test our commitment to cleanliness and disease control.
And while authorities and bird conservation groups argue over a practical – and ethical – way to prevent pigeons from making homes, workplaces and city infrastructure look unsightly, no one denies that their numbers are growing far beyond normal, away from their natural habitat.
Experts say the originally cliffdwelling pigeons — descendants of the wild rock dove — adapted to life in cities several decades ago, but their numbers have never been this high. The grey birds are everywhere: on roofs, eaves, windowsills and power lines, and in ducts and vents.
As they have rapidly multiplied, so have incidences of respiratory problems among citizens, and the costs of cleaning and maintenance, including installation of nylon nets, the most common method to keep the birds away.
A well-fed pigeon on an average dispenses up to 11.5 kg of droppings a year. It costs between Rs 8,000 to Rs 15,000 to install specialised nylon nets in a normal apartment and, depending on where you live, up to Rs 500 a month for one-time cleaning of balcony grilles.
So far, no comprehensive studies have been undertaken in Mumbai to establish a correlation between presence of pigeons near or in residential complexes and rising cases of respiratory infections, including lung complications.
But, a section of people living near some kabutarkhanas have started citing health concerns to pressure the BMC to relocate feeding areas away from their neighbourhoods. In March 2012, residents of Hingwala Lane in Ghatkopar (E) remonstrated with the BMC about feeding pigeons at a local kabutarkhana, saying the birds were causing serious health problems.
Such proposals, however, have faced stiff opposition from politicians and citizens who find the birds harmless and consider feeding them their religious duty.
After Hingwala Lane residents had raised the issue, MNS’s Ghatkopar MLA Ram Kadam warned them against pressing for the kabutarkhana’s relocation and instead, urged residents to continue feeding.
Bird experts say this unregulated practice of feeding, especially at kabutarkhanas, is one of the main reasons for population explosion. The other being the absence of natural predators.
“Long back, cliffs and rock ledges were pigeons’ natural habitat. The birds adapted to living
alongside humans in cities,
where buildings provide them good nesting areas,” said ornithologist Mohammed Dilawar.
“The issue of their population arose when people started leaving grains and food for them. They no longer have to make an effort to find food, which has made them prolific breeders.”
Pigeons are known to return to the place where they are fed and, according to some studies, organise their day around feeding. They lay eggs around six times a year. According to naturalist Saurabh Sawant, more food is being made available to pigeons than they require. “They are actually being overfed. Their growing numbers have affected other bird species, especially sparrows, as they take over more space for nesting,” he said.
Dr Asad R Rahmani, director of Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS), who has been involved in bird conservation efforts for several years, said any bird species that multiples out of control would pose problems to cities and towns. “Apart from people’s generosity, pigeons have also benefited from the fact that there are no major predators in urban areas,” he said.
There are half a dozen legal kabutarkhanas in Mumbai, but almost every area has four to five illegal ones. Ornithologist Dilawar said their owners were more interested in making profits than in ensuring birds’ well-being.
“It’s a commercial exploitation in the name of religious beliefs. If proper audits are done, the authorities will realise that kabutarkhanas earn crores every year,” he said. “Many of them are located close to tourist areas. The owners sell over-priced bird feed to tourists and locals, many of whom maintain monthly accounts.”
Also, currently anyone, even a grocer looking to make a quick buck, can start bird feeding in his/ her locality. There are hardly any rules that prevent people from doing so. Proponents of curbs on such practices say unregulated bird feeding increases pest menace: food meant for pigeons invariably attracts rats.
Citizens’ corporator from Colaba, Makrand Narvekar has been the lone councillor in the fight to shift bird feeding spots from congested neighbourhoods and major roads and seek restrictions on illegal ones.
He had moved a notice in the BMC for the same after a civic engineer died in an accident in July 2013. The engineer, who was riding a motorcycle, was thrown off the vehicle after being hit by a flock of pigeons near a kabutarkhana in Grant Road.
“I have received several representations from people who live close to such spots. They are very concerned about their health,” he said. “Kabutarkhanas came upduring a time when the city was not so congested and there were hardly any high rises. They no longer fit in urban areas.”
The BMC is yet to respond to his proposal to relocate bird feeding centres.
It’s not just Mumbai that is grappling with the issue. Major cities in the West have also faced the problem. Trafalgar Square in London was once famous for its feral pigeons and feeding them was a popular activity among visitors. However, their droppings caused damage to the square’s stonework and were termed a health hazard.
The sale of bird feed was stopped in 2001 and steps were taken to reduce the number of pigeons there.
In 2008, Venice introduced fines for sale of grain to feed birds at St Mark’s Square. Pigeons were eating away at marble statues by pecking at small gaps in a bid to reach for food. Communities in New York and Los Angeles have also tried to control the pigeon population, but faced opposition.
Dr Rahmani called for a crackdown on illegal feeding centres. “The BMC should ensure that unauthorised kabutarkhaanas are shut and new ones are not allowed to open. People should also be discouraged from feeding pigeons in public places,” he said, adding that it was the only way to prevent overfeeding.
Other experts feel that the city needs a comprehensive plan to control the pigeon population, but they stressed that the birds should be not harmed in the process. To begin with, there should be an awareness programme for citizens.
“People think that they are doing a good deed by feeding pigeons, but in reality they are contributing to an imbalance among different bird species, harming the ecology,” Dilawar said.
The humble pigeon and its poop have been linked to dozens of diseases in the West, but so far the most common cases in the city have been that of respiratory problems. Fresh droppings don’t pose a risk, but spores from dried-out excrement, when inhaled, can cause respiratory complications and a flu-like illness.
“Often, I get patients who suffer from lung inflation, cough and fever. Many of them said that there were several pigeons in their buildings. It’s possible that there was transmission of infection from the birds,” said Dr Om Shrivastav, director of Jaslok Hospital’s department of infectious diseases.
Psittacosis is an infection caused by Chlamydophila psittaci, a type of bacteria found in bird droppings. “People who have a history of asthma or bronchitis should avoid staying in places where there are too many birds,” Dr Shrivastav said.
While doctors try to identify a link between growing respiratory cases and pigeons, residents are trying a host of measures to keep them away. “We had a simple net earlier, but pigeons would peck at it and over time, they displaced the wooden frame. We then spent over Rs 15,000 to get nylon netting,” said Mulund homemaker Preeti Wadhwa said. “But now there’s a different issue. Pigeons’ feathers and droppings land on the nets, which are harder to clean.”
    Residents of Prithvi Palace on Dahisar Link Road have grown bougainvillea to prevent the birds from taking refuge in cavities near pipelines. “The climbing plant has thorns, so pigeons stay away,” said horticulturist Anjali Nariman, who lives in the complex.
    Anushree Mittal Yadav, a media executive from Bhandup, tried hanging CDs in balconies, hoping the sunlight reflected from the discs will keep the creatures away. “It worked for sometime before the birds started making nests in the balconies all over again,” she said.
Ashwin Nair, who lives in a rented apartment in Mulund, said that the windowsills in his house were shrouded with droppings. “I get the area cleaned, and the next day, it’s filthy again. Also, once the birds lay eggs, one does not feel like removing the nests,” he said.
A Malad homemaker said that it was frustrating to see pigeons ruining her 12th-floor balcony day in day out. “I don’t believe in harming the birds, but there has to be a way to control their population,” she said.
People’s distrust and disgust of the pigeon and its dung have given rise of businesses that offer to make houses “bird-proof”. “There is a huge demand for bird-proof nets in residential towers,” said Sanjay Chavan, who runs one such firm.
But there are thousands of citizens in Mumbai who object to such measures. “I have been feeding them for years near my house. I see no health or any other risk in doing so. They are harmless creatures who need our attention and care,” said Borivali businessman Nirav Jain, 45. “What about rats? What is the city doing to prevent problems created by them?”
Jain added that rising pollution, caused by vehicular fumes and construction activity, was the more likely cause of increasing respiratory cases.





Mulund homemaker Preeti Wadhwa, 27, spent Rs 15,000 to bird-proof her home. But maintaining cleanliness is still an issue as pigeon feathers and droppings get stuck on nylon net




Anjali Nariman of Prithvi Palace in Dahisar and other residents have grown bougainvillea to prevent pigeons from taking refuge in cavities near pipelines


The horror, the horror

Readers share their pigeon nightmares in response to our front-page report on Saturday

The pigeon menace begins at 5.30 am
I was reading my story. I face such problems every day in my first-floor Kharghar flat, which has a terrace occupied by pigeons. Despite putting up a net, the birds still manage to enter the terrace area. They sit near the air-conditioner and constantly hit the window panes. The noise wakes me up at 5.30 am and the maid spends more than 30 minutes every day cleaning the dirt that enters our home because of them.
As a working professional, it becomes difficult to keep the birds away. I am also aware of the health hazards mentioned in the article. Hopefully, stories like this will prevent people from feeding these birds every day.
— Nidhi Gulatee,
Kharghar They took over our kitchen
shopkeepers have a habit of feeding pigeons near our home. Although my mother would shoo them away, the pigeons would keep returning and settle near the kitchen window when my mother was not around.
Before my mother realised what was going on, the pigeons built a nest and laid some eggs there. There was a foul smell that dominated our kitchen. It finally took a toll on my mother, who ended up with such a bad allergy that she was unable to enter the kitchen.
Once the eggs hatched and the pigeons left, we cleaned the place and installed nylon nets so that pigeons could not enter. Despite the barricades, the birds still try to fly into our kitchen.
— Arpita Markande,
They destroy my plants
new plants. I love gardening and often used to buy plants, but have stopped doing so now.
The pigeons also leave droppings on washed clothes and enter my house whenever they get a chance. They also find it easy to build nests on our windowsills because we live on higher floors.
I wish the BMC would do something to curb this menace.
— Disha Kunder,
Pigeons damage our vehicles
in our Prabhadevi society are covered with pigeon droppings every morning. It is difficult to take our cars out because of this. People living in chawls constantly feed the pigeons, which is why they haven’t left the area. Something needs to be done to curb this menace.
— Shradha Agarwalla,
Prabhadevi Pigeons carry fungal diseases
serves as an eye-opener to those unaware of the perils of feeding pigeons. They cause skin diseases, which are contagious. They also cause a number of respiratory problems. We attribute many problems to pollen allergies, but pigeons are a bigger problem as they spread a number of fungal diseases that cause difficulties in breathing. What people fail to understand is that the spores of the fungi breed in pigeon droppings and spread diseases.
Recently, my husband’s friend died after suffering in the ICU for over a month. It was found that he had been exposed to a fungal infection by way of pigeon droppings as the birds would be perched on his window all the time.
Now that we know the dangers of pigeon breeding, we must shut down the kabutarkhanas to curb their population.
— Suresh Kala, Chembur Hazard for bikers and children
a pigeon problem for the past two years. There was a shopkeeper who would feed pigeons, which increased their population. There are hundreds of them on the main road, which is a big hazard for motorcyclists. Even pedestrians are not spared. Our society is overrun by pigeons, even around the swimming pool. This is a serious health hazard.
— Bina Pillai,     Deonar

They made my five-year-old ill
experience with pigeons was when my child was five and ended up with wheezing and breathlessness because of them. The paediatrician’s first question about our home was its proximity to pigeons. From then on, his windows were shut and the curtains and sheets rinsed every day. We moved to New Delhi when he was 10 and he never had any trouble there.
But when we moved back to Mumbai in 2006, the problems returned. We have lived in Santacruz and now in Ghatkopar and both places are infested with pigeons. We have finally installed nets to prevent the birds from flying in. Hopefully it will be a foolproof solution.
— Cheryll Pereira,     Ghatkopar

Keep them away from traffic
are on the footpath or in the middle of a junction, and pose a risk to motorists and pedestrians. Two wheelers are more prone to accidents thanks to them.
While I am not against people feeding the birds, we need to ensure that they are fed in a place that is free from traffic and not a residential area.
— Kamal Kapadia, Tardeo



We have become prisoners at home 
THERE ARE TWO pigeons that are regulars outside my front door. Because of them my parents and I feel like we’re in jail as we can never open the front door when the birds are around. The pigeons have already created a mess in the lobby area.
The nuisance has increased and we have no idea what to do. It’s impossible to keep the door shut all the time. I am planning to install a transparent net in the balcony and on every window to curn this nuisance.
— Ameya Naik,  Walkeshwar


Droppings and feathers
society has a huge pigeon population, which has resulted in major hygiene issues thanks to their droppings and feathers, which seem to be everywhere.
— Wasim, Mira Road


Menace, despite nets 
DESPITE INSTALLING NETS everywhere to keep them out, on average, one pigeon gets trapped inside my house every month. This menace also costs me Rs 5,000 every month as the roof of my AC compressor has to be cleaned every alternate day because of pigeon droppings. Others in my building have also installed nets, but the birds keep returning.
— Jinesh Hingu, Parel