Hackers, Cyberattack and other random processes

Researchers at Lancaster University, UK have taken a hint from the way the human lungs and heart constantly communicate with each other, to devise an innovative, highly flexible encryption algorithm that they claim can’t be broken using the traditional methods of cyberattack.

Information can be encrypted with an array of different algorithms, but the question of which method is the most secure is far from trivial. Such algorithms need a “key” to encrypt and decrypt information; the algorithms typically generate their keys using a well-known set of rules that can only admit a very large, but nonetheless finite number of possible keys. This means that in principle, given enough time and computing power, prying eyes can always break the code eventually.

The researchers, led by Dr. Tomislav Stankovski, created an encryption mechanism that can generate a truly unlimited number of keys, which they say vastly increases the security of the communication. To do so, they took inspiration from the anatomy of the human body.

In nature, different systems within a living organism often interact with each other, exchanging matter and energy. The interaction between two such systems (for instance, that of the human lungs and heart) can be described by a so-called “coupling function.”

aggies-anatomy-lungs-chiron-brain-heart-as-future-pineal-and-human-brain-twin-organs

Rather than relying on a single system for the encryption, the researchers decided to use two, and use the coupling function between them as the encryption key. Although somewhat laborious, this method has the advantage of creating an infinite number of possible keys, meaning that eavesdroppers cannot simply bruteforce their way into
sensitive information.

For the more technically minded, here’s how it all works. An information signal reaches the transmitter and is used as a parameter in the coupling function between two self-sustained systems, both generated inside the transmitter. The two signals are then sent over the public channel. At the other end, these two signals synchronize
with the receiver and, using a private key that contains information on the coupling functions, the algorithm can infer the original parameters and decrypt the  information.

The scientists say that their method is highly resistant from noise, that it can easily transmit several signals at once, and that it is highly modular, making it suitable to a wide range of applications.

A paper describing this patent-pending algorithm appears in the journal Physical Review X.

http://www.gizmag.com/human-biology-unbreakable-encryption/31504/?utm_source=Gizmag+Subscribers&utm_campaign=94c7968484-UA-2235360-4&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_65b67362bd-94c7968484-90398925

Life and its processes are really complicated. This somehow does not fit in with what is taught in schools these days, doesn’t it? We are taught that random mindless processes [taught to be Evolution] somehow created life in all its complexity. I guess it is time to revisit the foundations of our belief 🙂082113_1025_HighDefinit2.png
Advertisements

Choosing between a Smart or a Green city?

I asked a few people, including myself, to imagine what a smart city would be like for those of us living in 2016:

It should take us from point A to B in the shortest time possible, automatically deciding for us which route to take.

  • It should provide free and fast internet either wired or wi-fi access, of course, in every nook and cranny.
  • It should have charging stations in every public place to charge our power hungry smart devices
  • It should of course have electricity 24X7
  • It should enable seamless connectivity of all transport methods
  • All devices, cars, trains, buildings and people should be able to communicate with one another
  • Intelligent planning of facilities
  • Self-repairing roads, drains, and what not…etc etc

This picture of a smart city sounds like a tall order for us living in Mumbai, even though it is the commercial capital of India! It also sounds extremely power hungry.

But can a city be both green and smart?

What do I mean by a green city? It would be somewhat like a forest. For starters, a green city ecosystem, like a forest, is a scientific and design miracle. Each and every component is recyclable. Forests produce more oxygen than they consume, are carbon sinks and earn huge carbon credits silently, and they mutually help one another to thrive and grow, not just survive! The parts of this ecosystem are self-propagating, require almost zero maintenance, have sophisticated feedback looks both positive and negative, are self-diagnosing and self-repairing, adjust their position and growth as per various variables like the temperature, sunlight, wind, water availability and nutrients.

Wow, now that simple forest sounds really smart when you look at it in that way!

 

Okay, but no one can stay in forests, right? So what is the next best option? How about something that looks like this?

smart-green-city

Imagine a smart and green city of dreams…

 

A city that is both smart and green? Some would dismiss this as a utopian concept, but I am confident that given enough freedom, creativity and encouragement, the future generation can create living spaces that are at once green and smart.

Let us see where we can start if we really wish for our city to be smart and green. I feel there are three very important pre requisites if we really wish to create a smart and green city:

Firstly, there has to be basic value and respect for human life and a recognition that life has a purpose. If life does not have a purpose, one might as well live in a filthy slum, who cares.

Secondly we must be humble enough to admit that there are designs in nature from which we can learn. The field of bio-mimetics has produced some extremely clever inventions by copying what God has created in his marvelous creation.

Thirdly there must be a culture that respects and encourages creativity, honesty and truth.

In such a city, there is no end to the possibilities that can be created, and a smart and green city would indeed be a reality. Hope we in India can reach that stage sooner than later.  Jai Hind!

This hyper dimensional being who stepped into our world

People have varied languages, beliefs and physical features. So much diversity even in the same country or even state. Yet there is one belief that seems to be common to people all over the world. Guess what it is? Yes, a belief in the existence of a being outside their dimension, who has supernatural powers, whom I refer to as God.

I went to http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/supernatural to see the full Definition of SUPERNATURAL: of or relating to an order of existence beyond the visible observable universe; especially:  of or relating to God or a god, demigod, spirit, or devil.

I also went through the traditions and beliefs of most cultures and religions of the world. Most of their ideas of God are something which the human mind can easily comprehend.

But I found something in the scriptures given to a people located in the very centre of the world, which was totally unbelievable. They talk about this hyper dimensional being, who is not confined to or made in the likeness of something we humans can comprehend with our finite minds.

This is what I read:

“In the beginning was the one who is called the Word. The Word was with God and was truly God. From the very beginning the Word was with God. And with this Word, God created all things. Nothing was made without the Word. Everything that was created received its life from him, and his life gave light to everyone. The light keeps shining in the dark, and darkness has never put it out.

God sent a man named John, who came to tell about the light and to lead all people to have faith. John wasn’t that light. He came only to tell about the light. The true light that shines on everyone was coming into the world. The Word was in the world, but no one knew him [Jesus Christ], though God had made the world with his Word. He came into his own world, but his own nation did not welcome him.

Yet some people accepted him and put their faith in him. So he gave them the right to be the children of God. They were not God’s children by nature or because of any human desires. God himself was the one who made them his children. The Word became a human being and lived here with us. We saw his true glory, the glory of the only Son of the Father. From him all the kindness and all the truth of God have come down to us. “ (John 1:1-14 CEV)

There are some powerful words which come from the scriptures of a people who lived at the crossroads of Asia, Africa and Europe, in the region called Israel. It is from a book called the Bible, and come from the second part of this book, called the New Testament, written 2000 years ago, todays date being 5th April 2015, celebrated as the ‘resurrection day’, when Jesus Christ rose from the grave after being crucified and buried three days prior.

Science is only now recognizing that dimensions beyond the three can exist. Space and time are mysteries that we humans cannot fully comprehend. That is why the triune God, the one who made all of us and the universe, is a being that human minds cannot comprehend. If you have a concept of God which you can logically understand, then it is very much possible that this god is a product of human imagination. The Christian concept of Trinity, three Gods in one, each unique and yet at the same time one God, is unparalleled in the beliefs of people anywhere in the world.

Hyper-Dimensional-Life-of-Jesus-Christ-Cube-Salvador-Dali-Science-Resurrection-Heaven-Scientifically-Understood-Science-Quantum-Physics-breadth-length-height-depth

Yes, this Hyperdimensional Jesus. One who was said to still the wind and waves on command, to walk upon the water, to pass through walls and visibly ascend, is this not a hyper dimensional Master of Matter? One who is said to have reversed the power of entropic force, releasing Death’s static grip and descending to Abraham’s Bosom to release the bound.

No one has ever seen God. The only Son Jesus, who is truly God and is closest to the Father, has shown us what God is like. (John 1:18 CEV) [By Son, he is not referring to a biological relationship, but a hyperdimensional spiritual relationship that we humans cannot fully understand]

Dear reader, there is a hyperdimensional being out there, who stepped into our world at a definite point in time and space. God entered our world as Jesus Christ, the sinless man, he lived and gave up His life on the cross, to pay the price for your sins and mine.

This is love, my friend. Love always gives.

Love is kind and patient, never jealous, boastful, proud, or rude. Love isn’t selfish or quick tempered. It doesn’t keep a record of wrongs that others do. Love rejoices in the truth, but not in evil. Love is always supportive, loyal, hopeful, and trusting. Love never fails! Everyone who prophesies will stop, and unknown languages will no longer be spoken. All that we know will be forgotten.

(1 Corinthians 13:4-8 CEV)

We know deep in our hearts that there is a problem with our hearts. We have this tendency to sin. Why deny it with some high sounding philosophy? Covering up the real root cause of our problem has led to untold misery in the lives of billions of people.

Admit that you are who you really are, and that your heart needs to change. God loves you and will continue to love you, but you know what? He hates lies, dishonesty and pride.

He has given you a time like this to come before Him, and accept that He has [by stepping into this world as Jesus Christ and laying down His life on the cross] paid the full price for your sins, mistakes, and is willing to accept you if only you have faith in what He has done, giving up His life as the full sacrifice for your sins. He is not asking for any sacrifice or pilgrimage or donation!

Dear reader, there is not a second to lose, and only eternity to gain, if you make that choice willingly and with your whole heart. Let the God of love be with you as you take this step.

I am praying for you.

Funny Science

I couldn’t stop laughing at Ashish Shakya’s tongue-in-cheek writing about the scientific advancements of our ancestors in India being proclaimed at the Indian Science Congress 2015:

This humour column was written 7,000 years ago!

IF THE PILOTS IN ANCIENT INDIA GOT BORED OF FLYING DOMESTIC, THEY COULD CHOOSE TO GO FOR AN INTERPLANETARY SPIN

Like most middle- class Indian kids, I first completed my engineering and then got around to figuring what I really wanted to do in life. So I’m the first person to admit that I know next to nothing about science. The only time I use my education is when my parents ask me to fix some busted gadget, and I, applying what I learnt as a telecom engineer, swiftly pick up a cellphone to call the repair guy.

Airplane invented by Indian kids, circa 5000 BC.

But as it turns out, I would’ve been clueless even if I’d actually paid attention in class because here’s a news flash: What we know about science is wrong. It is all a western imperial construct designed to overshadow our original achievements. Simply put, the Greeks, Romans, Arabs and Americans have all shamelessly Pritam’d our inventions.

I’m thankful to the various patriots who, of l ate, have been working really hard to enlighten us about this piracy. The most recent exposé took place at the 102nd Indian Science Congress, where leading scientists had all the logic smacked out of them by the glory of ancient India.

For example, you might think that the first airplane was invented by the Wright Brothers, after they got sick of booking tickets on IRCTC. But no. Captain Bodas, a retired flying instructor and a speaker at the Congress, pointed out that the first airplanes had been invented in Indian about 7000 years ago. Some of them were the size of jumbo jets and apparently they could move forward, backward and sideways, hover in mid-air, do barrel rolls and also Bharatnatyam.

These planes were also loaded with twenty missile systems. Now I don’t mean to brag, but I too designed similar fighter jets in school via the technical process of doodling in my textbooks. (I was inspired by scientific materials such as Swat Kats and Centurions, but clearly I should’ve paid more attention to Amar Chitra Katha.)

But that’s not all. We reportedly also had pilots in ancient India, who were prescribed a diet that alternated between buffalo, cow and sheep milk and wore special shockproof, waterproof, electricity-resistant suits made from the fibres of underwater plants. Their names have been lost to history, so let’s just call them Captain Shri Maverick and Goose.

If the pilots got bored of flying domestic, they could take their crafts for an interplanetary spin. No, really. It was claimed that the planes could go from planet to planet. To buttress this point, another speaker, Kiran Naik, said that proof of this lay in the fact that during ancient times, and I wish I were making this up, two kings were fighting on Mars when one of their helmets fell off. This is why you should take off your helmet before fighting on Mars.

He said that “If you Google ‘helmet on Mars’, that helmet clearly shows up”, because ancient India also invented Photoshop. Sadly, all these advances in aviation were squandered because as it turns out, the industry was run by Vijay Mallya’s ancestors.

Mr Naik then educated the audience about a bacteria that lives inside cows and converts whatever the cow consumes into 24 karat gold. Wow, that has to be the worst Tanishq ad ever. Picture a young, hopeful man going down on his knees as his girlfriend blushes with anticipation:

Guy: I cannot imagine a life without you. Will you marry me?

Girl: Yes, yes, a million times yes! (pause) Where’s the ring? *They hear a PLOP! In the distance*

Guy: Go get it yourself.

Seriously, I cannot get over the fact that India is home to bovine creatures that crap gold. But enough about Mukeshbhai.

Not all talks at the Science Congress were as eye- opening. The others were woefully bereft of fantasy and stuck to boring ol’ scientific temperament. I wonder what it was like for the scientists, including Nobel laureates and a Fields Medal winner, to sit back and listen to stories that essentially took a flamethrower to their life’s work. It’s like Sachin Tendulkar being told by a baseball player that his stance had been wrong all these years and also once an ancient Indian batsman hit the moon for a six.

I bet they feel smarter now and cannot wait for next year’s Science Congress. If I were them, I’d make travel arrangements right now. Where can I book a one-way ticket to 5000 BC?

This article appeared on 11 Jan 2015 Hindustan Times (Mumbai) ASHISH SHAKYA ashish.shakya85@gmail.com

Disclaimer: This is a humour column, meant solely for entertainment. Ashish Shakya is a stand-up comedian and not a real journalist, because he likes money.

My blog in 2014 in review

This may be the first post that I am writing without myself as the author! The WordPress.com stats helper monkeys prepared a 2014 annual report for my blog. 🙂

Here’s an excerpt:

A New York City subway train holds 1,200 people. This blog was viewed about 7,300 times in 2014. If it were a NYC subway train, it would take about 6 trips to carry that many people. Hmmmm!

Click here to see the complete report.

Secularism and the illusion of neutrality

Do you know who you are and where you are going? The person with a postmodern mindset does not really know where they are and who they are, says Ravi Zacharias, one of this century’s noted thinkers and writers.

Everyone it seems is asking ‘what does it mean to be human…?’

Our twentieth century, far from being notable for scientific skepticism, is one of the most credulous eras in all history. It is not that people believe in nothing – which would be bad enough – but that they believe in anything – which is really terrible, said Malcolm Muggeridge.

 

Our culture no longer has a point of reference.

This denial of absolutes has had profound effects on all spheres of human life. The profound decline in trust between individuals, and corporations is a glaring example.

People who have always believed in absolute moral values and in a Creator God who loves them and has their best interests in mind have been seduced and brainwashed into believing anything but the truth, and the devastation is only beginning to unfurl as the years go by.

 

Marx and Kierkegaard were two key voices of the twentieth century. The curious thing is that though Marx purported to have an infallible scientific key to history, almost all his prophecies have failed to happen. On the other hand, Kierkegaard’s forecasts have been fulfilled to a remarkable degree. Take for instance his profound sense that if men lost the isolation, the separateness, which awareness of the presence of God alone can give, they would soon find themselves irretrievably part of a collectivity with only mass communications to shape their hopes, formulate their values and arrange their thinking . . .

What has secularism to do with this, you may well ask.

 

 

 

Figure 1 What do you really mean by Secularism?

 

First of all let us see what people believe in the present day and age.

Do you recognize yourself and your friend’s beliefs reflected in this poem, called the Modern Thinker’s Creed, by Steve Turner?


We believe in Marx, Freud, and Darwin We believe everything is OK as long as you don’t hurt anyone to the best of your definition of hurt, and to the best of your knowledge.

We believe in sex before, during, and after marriage. We believe in the therapy of sin. We believe that adultery is fun. We believe that sodomy’s OK. We believe that taboos are taboo.

We believe that everything’s getting better despite evidence to the contrary. The evidence must be investigated And you can prove anything with evidence.

We believe there’s something in horoscopes UFO’s and bent spoons. Jesus was a good man just like Buddha, Muhammed, and ourselves. He was a good moral teacher though we think His good morals were bad.

We believe that all religions are basically the same-at least the one that we read was. They all believe in love and goodness. They only differ on matters of creation, sin, heaven, hell, God, and salvation.

We believe that after death comes the Nothing. Because when you ask the dead what happens they say nothing. If death is not the end, if the dead have lied, then its compulsory heaven for all excepting perhaps Hitler, Stalin, and Genghis Kahn

We believe in Masters and Johnson. What’s selected is average. What’s average is normal. What’s normal is good.

We believe in total disarmament. We believe there are direct links between warfare and bloodshed. Americans should beat their guns into tractors. And the Russians would be sure to follow.

We believe that man is essentially good. It’s only his behavior that lets him down. This is the fault of society. Society is the fault of conditions. Conditions are the fault of society.

We believe that each man must find the truth that is right for him. Reality will adapt accordingly. The universe will readjust. History will alter. We believe that there is no absolute truth excepting the truth that there is no absolute truth.

We believe in the rejection of creeds, and the flowering of individual thought.

If chance be the Father of all flesh, disaster is his rainbow in the sky and when you hear

State of Emergency! Sniper Kills Ten! Troops on Rampage! Whites go Looting! Bomb Blasts School! It is but the sound of man worshiping his maker.

 

I heard this today from Ravi Zacharias, and thought I would share it here. It parodies the polemic often heard today by residents of America’s [and other so called ‘developed’ worlds] Institutes of Higher Education, who have been raised in the last few decades under the State sanctioned beliefs of Secularism, and if they believe in God at all, it is one that effectively has one man blowing himself and others up to gain a sexual Paradise, while another is meditation on his navel to attain his version of such, through the annihilation of desire.

What were the steps in this slow decline of our morals, trust and security?

  1. Rejection of the beneficial transcendent moral authority of the Bible, which provides liberty with its necessary limits, with the immutable holy Creator as God.
  2. Increasing acceptance of the objectively baseless morality of secularism, which promotes everyone doing what it right in his own eyes (contra. Deut. 12:8), resulting in the most morally confused generation America and other so called developed nations has ever raised, open to the ever morphing degrees of immorality, with gaining carnal pleasures, possessions and prestige being exalted, and leaders who “by good words and fair speeches deceive the hearts of the simple.” (Romans 16:18).

This paradigmatic change may be seen to have manifestly begun with the 60’s sexual revolution, which the Left sees as a success, while we reap the fruits of its corruption. In no small part is the role played by new age philosophies [old wine in new bottles, exported from their lands of origin where they have failed miserably for centuries] which are contradictory at their very core.

I feel that Secularism has played a large role in the present mess we all find ourselves in.

Malcom wrote this poignant summary “So the final conclusion would surely be that whereas other civilizations have been brought down by attacks of barbarians from without, ours had the unique distinction of training its own destroyers at its own educational institutions, and then providing them with facilities for propagating their destructive ideology far and wide, all at the public expense. Thus did Western Man decide to abolish himself, creating his own boredom out of his own affluence, his own vulnerability out of his own strength, his own impotence out of his own erotomania, himself blowing the trumpet that brought the walls of his own city tumbling down, and having convinced himself that he was too numerous, labored with pill and scalpel and syringe to make himself fewer. Until at last, having educated himself into imbecility, and polluted and drugged himself into stupefaction, he keeled over–a weary, battered old brontosaurus–and became extinct.”

But Jesus does save sinners.

I do not know much about the author, British journalist Steve Turner, but he has some other Christian poems, such as this excerpt,

If Jesus was thirty today they wouldn’t really care about the public ministry, they’d be too busy investigating His finances and trying to prove He had Church or Mafia connections. The miracles would be explained by an eminent and controversial magician, His claims to be God’s Son recognised as excellent examples of Spoken English and immediately incorporated into the O-Level syllabus, His sinless perfection considered by moral philosophers as, OK, but a bit repressive.

If Jesus was thirty-one today He’d be the fly in everyone’s ointment- the sort of controversial person who stands no chance of eminence. Communists would expel Him, capitalists would exploit Him or have Him smeared by people who know a thing or two about God. Doctors would accuse Him of quackery, soldiers would accuse Him of cowardice, and theologians would take Him aside and try to persuade Him of His non-existence.

If Jesus was thirty-two today we’d have to end it all. Heretic, fundamentalist, literalist, puritan, pacifist, non-conformist, we’d take Him away and quietly end the argument. But the argument would rumble in the ground at the end of three days and would break out and walk around as though death was some bug, saying ‘I am the resurrection and the life… No man cometh to the Father but by me’. While the magicians researched new explanations and the semanticists wondered exactly what He meant by ‘I’ and ‘No man’ there would be those who stand around amused, asking for something called proof.

Ask yourself whom you would rather believe, the Creator God who gave us His very own life to purchase our freedom from the guilt, shame and power of sin, or fancy stories designed for itching ears which ought to have known better.

If you need any further prodding consider this classic rebuttal of the modern secularist thinker by Malcolm Muggeridge:

The greatest artists, saints, philosophers and, until quite recent times, scientists, through the Christian centuries, . . . have all assumed that the New Testament promise of eternal life is valid, and that the great drama of the Incarnation which embodies it, is indeed the master-drama of our existence.

To suppose that these distinguished believers were all credulous fools whose folly and credulity in holding such beliefs has now been finally exposed, would seem to me untenable; and anyway I’d rather be wrong with Dante and Shakespeare and Milton, with Augustine of Hippo and Francis of Assisi, with Dr Johnson, Blake and Dostoevsky than right with Voltaire, Rousseau, the Huxleys, Herbert Spencer, H.G. Wells and Bernard Shaw.

{Vintage Muggeridge, ed. Geoffrey Barlow, Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1985, 32-33}


3 sided Football!?

Imagine Football where you have to co-operate with another team to win? Read on! This epitomizes alternative education and life in so many ways, that I felt I must share this on my blog.

 

A game of three halves

Figure 1 A hexagonal pitch at the first Three-Sided World Cup in Denmark Photo © Flickr member Aurdur

All the attention may be on Brazil this summer of 2014, but in Denmark a version of football that requires cooperation between teams is being pioneered. Will Simpson reports from the first ever Three-Sided Football World Cup

We are at the World Cup, but this isn’t Brazil. In a field in the Danish town of Silkeborg, three football teams are playing on a hexagonal pitch with three goals. It sounds like a Monty Python sketch, but it’s no joke.

Three-sided football resides in the rarely explored no-man’s land between performance art, left-wing philosophy and sport. In part, the idea is to counter the confrontational nature of traditional football. Teams can collaborate together and the winner is the team that concedes the least goals.

The game was conceived by the 20th century Danish artist and situationist Asger Jorn, born 100 years ago. He based it on a variation of the Marxist theory of dialectic materialism: the idea that society is driven forward by the struggle between haves and have-nots. Since then it has been played occasionally at festivals and embraced by the quirkier end of the anti-globalisation movement.

The first Three-Sided World Cup may be being played in Denmark but it took a couple of Englishmen to get this weekend’s event off the ground: Fabian Tompsett and Mark Dyson.

Tompsett is an author and academic, specialising in situationist game strategy. He organised the first game on British soil in Glasgow in 1994. He discovered the concept of three-sided football when translating one of Jorn’s texts. “I read a throwaway comment saying ‘of course nobody would ever play it’ and thought ‘hmm, don’t know about that’,” he says.

Meanwhile Dyson is the motivating force behind Britain’s first three-sided football club Deptford 3FC, founded in 2012.

If you cannot have a play ground, here are some options to play in a smaller setting.

Figure 2 If you wish to play this game at home

 


This is a great way to have fun and at the same time learn to co-operate as in the real world.

The idea for the Three-Sided Football World Cup began in the pub. “We were having a drink after one game and Fabian suggested ‘wouldn’t it be good to have a tournament in Denmark in 2014 to celebrate the centenary of Jorn’s birth?'” says Dyson.

Dyson contacted the Jorn museum in Silkeborg, suggesting that the tournament be incorporated into its centenary celebrations. When they agreed, he was left with the task of finding the teams; not easy when the game is still in its early stages of development worldwide.

And so this weekend there are teams here from France, Germany, Denmark, Poland, England, and a group of Lithuanians who have decided that they want to represent Uruguay instead, hoping perhaps to emulate the winners of the first two-sided World Cup in 1930.

By the end of the Saturday the champions had been crowned: the hosts Silkeborg KFUM, coincidentally the team Jorn played for in his youth.

Dyson seems content about what the weekend has achieved. “This will help three-sided football grow internationally, though what it ends up being I don’t know. I have a sneaking suspicion it will split in two between being a proper sport and performance art. But there will be definitely be another Three-Sided Football World Cup, we’re already talking about Germany hosting it in three years’ time.”

And what would Asger Jorn have made it all? “Well, he did have a strange take on things,” chuckles Tompsett. “But he liked to see people having fun and so I think ultimately he would have approved.”

 

Like what you’re reading? Positive News depends on your support to publish quality inspiring content. Please donate to help them continue pioneering a more constructive news media.

 

http://positivenews.org.uk/2014/culture/sport-culture/15717/game-halves/

GLOBAL / CULTURE

09 JUL 2014

http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-25852634